AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 2023-06-02T21:18:03+00:00 Editor AL Misbah Open Journal Systems <p>The contributors to AL MISBAH include some of the most eminent scholars and thinkers of World. This Journal brings together many of today’s most innovative and distinguished thinkers, making their research and commentaries available not just to specialists but to a wider audience of globally concerned readers in three Languages.</p> <p>Academia &amp; Intelligentsia of the universities &amp; other spheres are always invited &amp; welcome to contribute their unique research findings &amp; writings.</p> REASONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ATHEISM IN MODERN ERA 2023-06-02T14:24:44+00:00 Dr. QUTAB NISAR Dr Adnan Malik <p>God created this world and taught people morals, through prophets. Initially, this society was based on monotheism, but later man divided the doctrine of monotheism. But even in this division, the concept of God remained in some form. Believers of all the religions believe that their God is the God of all other human beings. While there was a group of them who only saw and believed in the rational ،scientific level and did not believe in the concept of God. Today's world is divided into two ideologies, the first group is religious while the second group belongs to atheism.</p> <p>In the early days, this group was suppressed by the group of religious people, but in today's era, The group of atheists come out openly and opposing the religion, Therefore, this group is attacking on religion by way of various questions. Based on these questions, it is spreading its ideas.</p> 2023-04-12T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL A COMPARISON OF THE LEGAL AND SOCIAL ATTITUDES TOWARDS ADULTERY IN SAUDI ARABIA AND PAKISTAN 2023-06-02T14:44:53+00:00 Abdul Waheed Tariq Dr. Manzoor Ahmad Imran Khan <p><em>Adultery is considered a major sin in Islam and is prohibited in all Muslim societies. However, there are differences in the legal and social attitudes towards adultery in different Muslim countries. This article aims to compare the legal and social attitudes towards adultery in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, two Muslim-majority countries with different legal systems and cultural norms. The article begins with an overview of the Islamic perspective on adultery, as outlined in the Quran and Hadith. It then delves into the legal frameworks governing adultery in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, including the penal codes and the judicial procedures for prosecuting, and punishing adulterers. Furthermore, the article explores the social attitudes towards adultery in these two countries, including the cultural norms and religious beliefs that influence people's perceptions of this issue. It examines the role of family and community in shaping these attitudes, as well as the impact of modernization and globalization on traditional values. The article draws upon a range of sources, including Islamic texts, legal documents, academic literature, and media reports. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the similarities and differences between Saudi Arabia and Pakistan in their legal and social attitudes towards adultery. Overall, this article contributes to the understanding of how Islam shapes the legal and social attitudes towards adultery in different Muslim societies, and the implications of these attitudes for the lives of people living in these societies.</em></p> 2023-04-13T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL SOCIO-JUSTICE: ACTING LIKE A CATALYST IN NURTURING THE INTERFAITH RELATIONSHIPS 2023-06-02T15:32:06+00:00 Zia Ur Rehman <p><em>This article aims to elucidate that the role of religion is influential in casting notions of social impartiality, despotism, subjugation, and emancipation. It will be explained in this article that </em><em>according to Islamic teachings, injustice is explained as one of the abysmal forms of evil, that justice and neutrality should not be&nbsp;</em><em>predicated&nbsp;on a specific group of people, religious belief, race, caste, creed, or faith it should be done with each creation of God. Examples of social justice will also be given from prominent non-revelational religions. Finally, it will be explained that Islam stands as an ambassador religion to safeguard the rights of the entire community and a staunch icon of religion in this interfaith religion’s dialogue. To conclude, it will be justified that the concept of social justice prevails in each religion, whether it is implemented practically or not is another topic of debate</em><em>, but Social Justice is the need of the hour.</em></p> 2023-04-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL خواتين ميں گهر كا سربراہ بننے كا رجحان : سیرت النبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کی روشنی میں ایک مطالعہ 2023-05-07T19:47:26+00:00 Abdul Raheem Tabani Dr. Amber Ghani <p>Allah, our creator, has assigned different roles and responsibilities to men and women. Men have been nominated as In charge of family in Islam to smoothly run a family. To run a family smoothly, men have been nominated as In Charge of the Family in Islam However, many Sahabiya worked and had the responsibilities of being in charge of their family due to their family's needs. In this situation, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.w) never condemned or neglected them, demonstrating that women can be in charge of their families. This article illustrates the concept and responsibilities of being in charge of a family. In light of Seerat un Nabi, including the role of women as family heads (s.a.w.w). To achieve the desired results, qualitative research is conducted. After analyzing and reading the literature, it is discovered that Islam is flexible in terms of being in charge of the family, but men are ultimately responsible for this purpose. It is difficult for women to lead their families in today's world. Which have been highlighted, as well as some suggestions for bringing up issues, are being discussed.</p> 2023-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL بریگیڈیئر امیرمحمد خان یوسفزئی بحیثیت سیرت نگار(ستارہ امتیاز ملٹری، امتیازی سند ملٹری) 2023-03-21T09:01:15+00:00 Hafiza sobia gulnaz gulnaz Dr. Professor sher Ali <p>Brigadier Ameer Muhammad Khan was born on March 24, 1968 in Chakdara area of ​​Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. He received his primary education from a government school there, and received his B.Sc Honors War Studies degree from Quetta. After higher education, he joined the army and received various courses and training of the army. Apart from this, you have been involved in Operation Zarb E Azb as a commander. Due to his services, he has also been awarded the Imtiaz Sanad Military and Satara Imtiaz</p> <p>The love of writing on the biography of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prevailed when he read the lives of Eastern heroes. After that, I became interested in reading the Prophet's biography and felt that the life of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is only present in us as the best and greatest leader, because the life of other heroes will have one or two aspects. What makes them great, but the complete life of the Prophet (PBUH) is a role model for us. Amir Muhammad Khan has made it clear from every aspect how the Messenger of Allah, may God bless him and grant him peace, is the greatest leader and all the qualities of a great leader are fully present in his blessed self</p> <p>Amir Muhammad Khan read Western writer Michael Hart's book 100 Greatest People in which he ranked Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the number one.</p> 2023-04-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL نعتیہ ادب اور ماہ نامہ ’’سیّارہ ‘‘لاہور 2023-05-07T19:54:11+00:00 Abdul Qudoos Hasssan Rashid Dr. Rafique Ahmed <p><em>Urdu language and Islamic literature has same antiquity, in emulation of Muslim poets and writers, non Muslim poets and writers also made their contribution to it. Since its beginning till half of 20<sup>th</sup> century it was confined to individual efforts after partition of India and formation of Pakistan collective efforts for its promotion were begun to make hence movement of Islamic literature came into being which made collective intellect focus on Islamic literature successfully and published various magazines for its dissemination, Monthly ''SAYYARAH'' Lahore&nbsp;&nbsp; is one of these magazines, it played a role as a spokesperson of the movement, it presented all literary forms and genres in Islamic way, Naat being a part of its religious belief was greatly promoted by it and introduced a number of Naat writing poets, by keeping&nbsp; in view this valuable contribution for promotion of Naats, this research note about Monthly ''SAYYARAH''and has been written.</em></p> 2023-04-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL صلح حديبيہ کے واقعات کا مصادر سیرت وحدیث کی روشنی میں جائزہ 2023-05-07T20:07:10+00:00 Nouman Khalid Dr. Majid Rashid <p>The article examines the historical events of Hudaybiya in light of the&nbsp;Prophet's&nbsp;biography and hadith sources. The author begins&nbsp;by going through the backdrop of the incident, including the events that led to the Treaty of Hudaybiya between the Muslims and the Meccans. The author then contrasts the details of the incident&nbsp;described by various researchers by looking at various accounts of the event from biographical sources. The article also examines the hadith pertaining to Hudaybiya, including accounts of the Prophet Muhammad's dream about entering Mecca in peace. The author comes to a conclusion by discussing the event's significance and its effects on the early Muslim community. This event of <em>Hudaybiyah</em> has been described in great detail by biographers and scholars. Since a distinction has been made between biographical and hadith copying and preservation, more caution and sensitivity has been used in copying hadith compared to biographical writing, so there was a need for a comparative review of selected sources of hadith and biographical traditions on this subject. In this article, traditions related to <em>Hudaybiyyah</em> will be reviewed in the light of the sources of biography and hadith.</p> 2023-04-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL حق صحت میں ریاست کی ذمہ داریاں:اسلامی تہذیب کے تناظر میں ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ 2023-05-07T20:17:42+00:00 Hafiza Gull Nasheen Dr Altaf Hussain Langrial <p><em>In the context of Islamic civilization, this exploratory study investigates the state's role and responsibilities in ensuring the right to health. To provide a comprehensive understanding of the state's obligations to promote and protect the right to health, the study looks at relevant Islamic sources and international legal frameworks. The study emphasizes the significant role that the state plays in facilitating the realization of the right to health by providing healthcare services, ensuring equitable access to healthcare, and addressing health-related social determinants. The discoveries of this study could add to a superior comprehension of the state's liabilities about one side of well-being in Islamic social orders and illuminate strategy conversations on advancing and safeguarding the right to well-being in such settings. The documents on health by the UN also specify the minimum rights that must be upheld and which organisations are responsible for ensuring that the right to health is interpreted.</em></p> 2023-04-17T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL "چالیس چراغ عشق کے" اور" دشت ِسوس"اشتراکات وافتراکات اجمالی جائزہ 2023-06-02T16:43:57+00:00 Muhammad Saleem Sarwar Dr Irshad Begum <p>In this article, the English language novel "Forty Rules of Love" and the Urdu novel "Dasht-i-Soos" have been compared in the context of Sufism. "Forty Rules of Love" is a novel by Elif Shafaq. Elif Shafaq has written a novel about history, Sufism, philosophy and women and Sufism has been discussed in this novel. Dasht-e-Soos is a novel by Jameela Hashmi. Jameela Hashmi also has a special recognition in Urdu literature regarding historical novels. In this novel, she has mentioned the famous Sufi Hussain bin Mansoor Hallaj. By comparing the two novels, similarities and different aspects of Sufism have been revealed. Especially, many mysteries of the relationship between Sufi and humanity and between Sufi and God have been revealed.</p> 2023-04-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL امام شاطبی ؒ کے احوال کا جائزہ 2023-06-02T17:20:40+00:00 Hafiz Muhammad Masood Ahmad <p><strong>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;</strong>Imam Shatibi was a prominent Islamic scholar and jurist who lived in Andalusia (present-day Spain) during the 14th century. He is best known for his contributions to the field of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) and his influential work, "Al-Muwafaqat fi Usul al-Shari'ah" (The Harmonization of the Legal Rulings). He is a renowned Islamic scholar but his biographic information is not found comprehensively in Urdu and English literature. The objective of present study is to highlight the time and circumstances of his era. This is a qualitative research and data is gathered from secondary sources; books, articles and online sources. Imam Shatibi's scholarly contributions were primarily focused on the principles of Islamic jurisprudence. In his book, "Al-Muwafaqat fi Usul al-Shari'ah," he aimed to harmonize the different schools of Islamic law by identifying their common principles and developing a systematic approach to legal reasoning. The book is regarded as one of the most important works in the field of Islamic jurisprudence and has been widely studied and commented upon by scholars throughout history. Aside from his contributions to Islamic jurisprudence, Imam Shatibi was also known for his piety and devotion to Islam. He was a follower of the Maliki School of Islamic law, and his teachings and writings have influenced generations of Muslim scholars and jurists. Imam Shatibi died in Granada in 1388 CE, leaving behind a legacy of scholarship and intellectual rigor that continues to inspire and inform the Islamic tradition to this day.</p> 2023-04-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL اسلام اور سکھ مت میں حیات بعد الممات کا تقابلی جائزہ 2023-05-21T17:24:52+00:00 Dr. Sheraz Ahmad Dr. Muhammad Asif <p><em>In Sikhism, there is a partial mention of all these teachings which are the basic part of Islam's belief in the hereafter. Every human being has a fixed time of death and the belief of capturing the human soul through angels is part of the teachings of Sikhism. On the contrary, those who do not acknowledge the reality of death and the grave, have been declared insane. The beliefs that have been stated in the Qurān and Hadith in a very clear and reasoned manner, those beliefs are alluded to in Gurū Granth Sāhib. In Sikhism, along with the concept of hereafter and resurrection, the belief which is fundamental, that is the concept of reincarnation. Reincarnation is an ancient Hindū theory that after death a person regains a new body based on his deeds. The teachings of Granth Sahib contain both the doctrines of reincarnation and resurrection which is a form of contradiction. The doctrine of reincarnation is completely contrary to Islam and is pure Hindū ideology.</em></p> 2023-04-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL سماجی نظم ونسق کی حکمت عملی،غزوات النبیﷺ کے تناظر میں 2023-05-24T10:33:18+00:00 Dr Tahmina Fazil <p><em>The word governance is so important that its presence is found in every corner of the universe. Governance is fundamental in improving social life. Thanks to Social Governance, people not only get better opportunities to live, but also their quality of life improves. The best social governance is established when the individuals in the society agree on a common social contract,certain standards and ensure absolute adherence to the constitution and law. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) not only combined tribally divided people under one center but also improved their social order and eased their plight. The social order strategy of the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is clearly visible in peace and war. Because of this social governance strategy, the objectives and basic motivations of war changed on one hand; while on the other hand, it was possible to achieve the desired goals with less time and less bloodshed.</em></p> 2023-04-24T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL عصرِ حاضر کے جدید تقاضوں میں دعوتِ دین کی مؤثِرحکمت عملی:ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ 2023-05-05T11:49:37+00:00 Dr Syed Muhammad Tahir Shah <p><em>Islam is a Dīn of nature and a universal, everlasting and complete code of life. Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him), is the last Prophet of God. That’s why Islam emphasizes to convey and preach its noble teachings to others as an obligatory duty of its followers. Due to the universality and eternal status of Islam, It is also mandatory to adopt universal, modern and latest means and methods for its preaching which are according to the needs of the age. Some practical steps according to the modern age and requirements are to be adopted as an effective strategy for preaching of Islam in this era. </em></p> <p><em>This article focuses on these strategies in the light of Islamic teachings and the thoughts of Muslim scholars, so that new generations can be addressed and preached according to their nature, requirements, needs and modern trends effectively. Some ethics of using these modern sources and latest means of communications are also mentioned in this research paper.</em></p> 2023-04-25T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL صحیح البخاری کی احادیثِ مبارکہ سے استنباطِ احکام میں شیخ عبد الخالق کا منہج وأسلوب (غنیۃ القاری کے تناظرمیں) 2023-06-02T21:18:03+00:00 Hafiz Mubashir Dr. Ashfaq Ali <p><em>Allah's book Qur'an and the blessed hadiths of his Messenger </em><em>ﷺ</em><em> are the main sources of Sharia. Qur’an is the original and principle source and the hadiths are its explanations and interpretations. Along with this, it is also a fact that Allah blessed the Holy Prophet </em><em>ﷺ</em><em>&nbsp; </em><em>with Jawame' Al-Kalem. It means that he was given the ability to convey more meanings and themes in fewer words. The jurists and scholars of hadith extracted the hidden rules and issues in the words of hadiths and preserved them in their books.</em></p> <p><em>Maulana Abd al-Khaliq Bajuri is one of these scholars of hadith, who wrote a thick commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari, and in it he paid special attention to the explanation of the words of the hadiths and the debate on their authenticity, as well as the extraction of fiqhi rules. This is the subject of this article.</em></p> 2023-04-28T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL