AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL <p>The contributors to AL MISBAH include some of the most eminent scholars and thinkers of World. This Journal brings together many of today’s most innovative and distinguished thinkers, making their research and commentaries available not just to specialists but to a wider audience of globally concerned readers in three Languages.</p> <p>Academia &amp; Intelligentsia of the universities &amp; other spheres are always invited &amp; welcome to contribute their unique research findings &amp; writings.</p> Research Institute Of Culture And Ideology en-US AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 2790-881X <p>AL-MISBAH Research Journal is full open access and licensed under <strong>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0</strong> International License; and Published by: Research Institute of Culture &amp; Ideology (REINCI), Islamabad, Pakistan. This allows the research community and the general public to gain unlimited, free and immediate access to scholarly articles, and to reuse the content freely provided that proper attribution is given to the original authors.</p> پاکستان کے منتخب مکاتب کا تعارفی جائزہ <p><em>The existence of Maktaba and Madrassa in Islam is the backbone of a Muslim society.</em><em> The concept of libraries is very old- and since-time immemorial libraries have been helpful in the intellectual and academic development of the society.</em><em> Maktaba and madrassa raise the knowledge for the protection of religion.There is an introduction of different Maktaba and Madrassa .The aim of the Makatab&nbsp; is to educate the Muslim Ummah about the religion of Islam .Many Makatab and Madrassa have published authentic books about Quran , Hadith, Fiqh,History , Biography , Hajj and Umrah , which contain a wide collection of Islamic teachings . Books are the source of knowledge and wisdom. The story of the evolution of human civilization is not completed without books and libraries. The purpose of providing services to spread awarnessamong the underpriviledege people. The experts of Maktaba and Madrassa are highly qualified and meticously doing the publishing work due to which their publishing network of Islamic books is growing constantly.</em><em> The objections that are being made on Islam by the western countries should&nbsp; be&nbsp; prevented them and the knowledge of Islam should be kept high.</em><em>"</em></p> Ramsha Younas Asma Aziz Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 2023-01-15 2023-01-15 3 01 1 13 10.5281/zenodo.7566552 قانون ِ زکوۃ و عشر میں مستثنیات ِ زکوۃ کا تنقیدی جائزہ <p><em>In the Zakat and Ushr Law 1980 and other provincial Zakat and Ushr laws, ten items have been exempted from the deduction of zakat by the government and regarding the zakat of these items, the Zakat payer has been advised that the zakat of these items should either be paid by the government i.e., to deposit into the official Zakat Fund or pay Zakat to an institution (which can receive Zakat according to Shariah). A few debatable exceptions to Zakat are livestock, industrial trade, diamonds and stones, current account, foreign currency accounts, and joint accounts [Local &amp; foreign], ancient, and modern scholars and jurists have presented their opinions on it according to Shariah and concluded that it is the responsibility of the Imam or Ruler to arrange the system of Zakat collection by these said items. It is hard work, but the government buys wheat from the farmers at the official level, so why is it not possible to collect zakat from cattle? Although an excuse can be made regarding cattle that it is more laborious, although there is also labour in the collection of wheat. Also, if the government takes appropriate measures in this regard and sells the same animals by setting up an official market on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha, the people can be protected from social evils like forgery and dumping. In this paper, an analytical and critical approach has been adopted in the context of narrative research style and the written errors found in these Zakat laws have also been pointed out.</em></p> Dr. Hafiz Atif Iqbal Dr. Muhammad Akram Hureri Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 2023-01-16 2023-01-16 3 01 14 34 10.5281/zenodo.7566570 انسانی جسم پر جنات کا تصرف : مذہبی اور سیکولر بیانیہ کا تقابلی مطالعہ <p>The concept of possession of spirits and jinn over the human body has been recognized in many religions of the world, including Islam. From a materialistic point of view, this position is controversial, because in this aspect the question arises: How can an immaterial, invisible force control and operate the physical body in a positive or negative way? In side discussions of religion and science, this topic has also become the center of attention in academia. Followers of traditional religious thought accept texts related to it without hesitation, while followers of the rationalist approach offer various interpretations of these traces and traditions in order to make metaphysical matters a modern science, to be accepted through their application. In this article, the religious narrative is first introduced by presenting three points of the possession of jinn on the human body. Then, explaining the secular point of view, the rationalistic religious approach is described in detail. In the latter, a comparison was made between them, and a more correct position was determined.</p> Murad Ahmad Muhammad Naveed Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 2023-01-17 2023-01-17 3 01 45 58 10.5281/zenodo.7566574 اسلام میں تصوف اور رہبانیت کا اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں تحقیقی جائزہ <p><em>Islam is a complete set of laws of life which guarantees success here and hereafter if acted upon in letter and spirit. If we adopt any other way than this, it will mislead because Islam is the only way that nears us to Allah. The teachings of all other religions distance us from God instead of bringing closer to Him. Islamic teachings include Rights of Allah as well as Rights of human beings because fulfillment of human rights brings law and order in the society. Therefore, Islam plays a very important part to strengthen the strong social system. </em></p> <p><em>The object of Priesthood and Monasticism is to obtain closeness to its Creator. The difference between the two is that Priesthood is based on the rules established by God whereas Monasticism is based on the rules not only established by man but also have been updated by him. Some people call Priesthood&nbsp; and Monasticism two sides of the one coin but in fact it is not so. Because these two confront each other when it comes to their teachings. The foundation of Priesthood is based on Islamic teachings, faiths and thoughts, while Monasticism&nbsp; is based on Hindi, Buddhism, Christianity, Greek, Iranian teachings which have no relation with Islam. Islam strictly forbidden Priesthood .</em></p> Dr.QUTAB NISAR Dr.Shamsul Arifeen Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 2023-01-19 2023-01-19 3 01 59 76 10.5281/zenodo.7570009 عہد مغلیہ اور نظام احتساب: ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ <p><em>Islam is a complete code of life which gives the principles of living. Islam has also given principles to maintain the order and peace of the society. Enjoining good and forbidding evil (Amar bil Ma'roof and Nahi unil-Munkar(is given great importance in Islam, its status is obligatory in Islam. It is the duty of every person according to his ability to destroy the evils and spread the good. If there is no prevention of oppression from the society, the society cannot become the cradle of peace and order; therefore, the elimination of oppression in the society is the main goal of Islam. On the basis of this principle, the institution of accountability or accountability was established in the Islamic state, the purpose of which is to establish what is good and prevent evil, to end oppression and abuse, and to establish justice and fairness, etc. This institution has existed in one form or another during the rule of Muslims. There was a very strict accountability in the Islamic state. Be it the era of the Prophet or the era of the Rashid Caliphs, the Umayyad Caliphate or the Abbasid Caliphate, the Ottoman Turks or other regions under the influence of Muslims, accountability had a fundamental status in every era. If we look at the Mughal system of government in India, accountability has always been central. Historians of this era have praised the accountability system of the Mughals. In this paper, the accountability system of the Mughals has been clarified.</em></p> Asad Ali Dr. Hafiza Bareera Hameed Copyright (c) 2023 AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 2023-01-18 2023-01-18 3 01 78 86 10.5281/zenodo.7566627