• Dr. Syed Toqeer Abbas Principal Govt. High School Lakhodair Lahore Cantt.
  • Sadeeq Ahmad Ph.D. Scholar Department of Islamic Studies, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology Peshawar.
  • Dr. Saeed Ur Rahman Visiting Lecturer, Islamic studies University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar.



Apostasy of Banī Isrāīl, Injunctions of the Old Testament, The New Testament teachings, Death Penalty for Apostasy, Islamic point of view


Regarding the chain of Prophethood, Allah Almighty sent most of the Prophets to Banī Isrāīl. These prophets directed them to monotheism and prevented from disbelief and polytheism. The history of the ancient nations shows that the most disobedient nation was Banī Isrāīl which took the path of apostasy many times and they were severely punished for this crime. In relation to apostasy's penalty, both the Qur‘ān and the Bible have a common statement. Both books are convinced of the death penalty for apostates. However, the critics mostly criticize Islam only and ignore the teachings and severe punishments of the Bible. This short article reviews the apostasy and punishment of the Children of Isrāīl and seeks to prove that the decision of both the Bible and the Qur‘ān is the same when it comes to apostasy punishment.


The Encyclopedia of Diderot & d’Alembert, (Paris, Michigan Publishing, University of Michigan Library, 1751, 2012), vol. 1, 535

Hobart & Robbins, A Biblical and Theological Dictionary (Boston, Massachusetts Sabbath School Society), 29

Lindsay Jones, Encyclopedia of Religion (USA, Thomson Corporation, 2005), 2nd edi, vol.1, 430


John Louis Nuflesen ; Mullins Edgar Y., The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia (The Howard Severance Company, 1915), v.1, 202

The Encyclopaedia Britannica (New York, University of Cambridge, 1911), 11th edi, vol.2, p.196


Al-Qur’ān, 4:163

Al-Qur’ān, 87:18-19

Al-Qur’ān, 4:163

Al-Qur’ān, 57:27

Al-Qur’ān, 2:217

Al-Qur’ān, 3:31-32,132 ; 4:59,80 ; 5:92 ; 8:1,20,46 ; 24:54,56 ; 47:33 ; 58:13 ; 64:12

Bukhārī, al-Jām’e al-Ṣaḥīḥ, Book.81, Chapter. 53, Ḥadīth.6593 ; Book.56, Chapter. 149, Ḥadīth.3017 ; Tirmadhī, Book.31, Chapter.1, Ḥadīth.2158 ; Abī Shaybah, Abī Bakr ’Abdullah b. Muḥammad, Al-Muṣannif, Beirut, Dār al-Qiblah Al-Thaqāfa al-Islamiah, 2006, Book.31, Chapter.168, Ḥadīth.29593

The Gospel of Matthew, 5:17

Al-Qur’ān, 3:3

Joshua, 23:6-8 ; Exodus:20:1-5 ; Deuteronomy, 8:19-20, 11:16-17, 13:1-4, ; Psalms, 100:1-3 ; 1 Kings, 9:6-72 ; 2 Kings, 17:35-37

Exodus, 34:14-17 ; Leviticus, 26:27-28 ; Joshua, 23:16 ; 2 Chronicles, 24-17-18 ; Ezekiel, 20:32-36 ; Jeremiah, 25:6-7

Exodus, 32:7-8

Al-Qur’ān, 2:51,92 ; 7:148 ; 20:88

Exodus, 32:27-28

Nuelsen, John L. Mullins, Edgar Y. (1995). The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. Chicago: The Howard-Severance Company. vol.1, p.345

Numbers, 25:1-3

Psalms, 106:28 ; The Book of Hosea, 9:10

Numbers, 25:4-9

Judges, 8:22-28, 8:33-34

Nuelsen and Mullins, Bible Encyclopaedia. p.346

Nuelsen and Mullins, Bible Encyclopaedia. P.346

Kings, 22:51-53

Kings, 1:1-3

Judges, 2:11-13

Kings, 11:33

Elder, Gregory. (2007 January 11). Baal, Ashtoreth and Molech-God’s Old Testament Rivals. Redlands: Daily Facts.

Zephaniah, 1:4-5

Judges, 10:6

Kings, 11:33

Judges, 2:14-15

Psalms, 106:37-42

Al-Qur’ān, 19:28-30

The Gospel of John, 16:1-4

Jude, 1:4

The Gospel of Matthew, 18:6

Broadus, John Albert. Commentary on the Gospel of Matthew. Philadelphia: American Baptist publication. p.384

Morison, James. A Practical Commentary on the Gospel According to St. Matthew. London: Hodder and Stoughton. p.314

Timothy, 1:3-6

Ibid, 4:1-2

Ibid, 6:20-21




How to Cite

Dr. Syed Toqeer Abbas, Sadeeq Ahmad, and Dr. Saeed Ur Rahman. 2023. “ISRAELITES APOSTASY AND DEATH PENALTY: A RESEARCH REVIEW”. AL MISBAH RESEARCH JOURNAL 3 (04):39-48.





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